The term function-based intervention refers to the behavior change strategies that are based on the data gathered during the functional behavioral assessment and that are directly linked to the function of the behavior.
The goal of the functional behavioral assessment is to use it to design an intervention that decreases the problem behavior and increases the desirable behavior (Umbreit, Ferro, Liaupsin, & Lane, 2007)
A function-based intervention should do one or more of the following three things:
- The intervention should change the environment in an attempt to prevent the challenging behavior
- The intervention should involve teaching and reinforcing a new behavior
- The intervention should incorporate ways of responding to the challenging behavior that do not reinforce that behavior.
See below for a list of function-based interventions for behaviors that address the function of attention and/or escape.
|Check In/Check Out||X|
|Effective Instruction Delivery||X||X|
|Scheduled Breaks/Noncontingent Escape||X|
|Scheduled Rewards/Noncontingent Reinforcement||X|
|Reduce Task Demands||X|
|Reward Desired Behavior||X||X|
|Working Through It/Escape Extinction||X|
See below for a list of function-based interventions for behaviors that address the function of tangible and/or sensory.
|Preferred Items/High-Interest Items||X|